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The Hungarian name for themselves is magyar.
Hungarian Republic is in Central Europe, the neighbouring countries are Slovakia, Romania, Croatia, Ukraine, Austria.
Hungarians or Magyars are an ethnic group primarily associated with Hungary. The name "Hungarian" has also a wider meaning, as it once referred to all inhabitants of the Kingdom of Hungary irrespective of their ethnicity.
There are around 9.4 million Magyars in Hungary (2007). Magyars have been the main inhabitants of the Kingdom of Hungary that existed through most of the second millennium. Following that kingdom's disappearance at the Treaty of Trianon, Magyars have become minority inhabitants of Romania (1,440,000; see: Hungarian minority in Romania), Slovakia (520,500), Serbia (293,000; largely in Vojvodina), Ukraine and Russia (170,000), Austria (40,583), Croatia (16,500), the Czech Republic (14,600) and Slovenia (10,000). Significant groups of people with Magyar ancestry live in various other parts of the world (e.g. 1,400,000 in the United States), but unlike the Magyars living within the former Kingdom of Hungary, only a minority of these preserves the Hungarian language and tradition.
There was a referendum in Hungary in December 2004 on whether to grant Hungarian citizenship to Magyars living outside Hungary's borders (i.e. without requiring a permanent residence in Hungary). The referendum failed due to the insufficient voter turnout, and caused some recruitment of the local nationalist movements and parties in the surrounding countries.
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